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Fluoroquinolonic antibiotics such as enoxacin Penetrexlomefloxacin Maxaquinciprofloxacin Cipronorfloxacin Noroxin and ofloxacin Floxin. Some side effects of aminophylline can occur and usually do not require medical attention. Aminophylline is used to treat breathing problems: Discard the unused portion. Along with its necessary effects, aminophylline can cause some unwanted effects.
Usual pediatric dose for asthma: Serum levels of glucose, uric acid, free fatty acids cholesterol, HDL and urinary excretion of free cortisol can reportedly be increased. Part of the theophylline premixed in intravenous infusions of dextrose can be manufactured with corn or corn products and may be contraindicated in patients with corn hypersensitivity. Theophylline has not been shown to be teratogenic in humans, but use during pregnancy can lead to potentially dangerous concentrations of theophylline and serum caffeine in neonates, as well as tachycardia, irritability and other symptoms of theophylline toxicity.
If the total daily dose is not appropriately reduced, severe and potentially fatal theophylline toxicity may occur. Aminophylline interacts with many other drugs. Theophylline relaxes smooth muscle and can increase urinary retention, so it should be used with caution in patients with prostatic hypertrophy.
Seek medical attention if you have difficulty breathing. Patient not receiving aminophylline or theophylline Loading dose: In addition, theophylline may exacerbate existing cardiac arrhythmias and should be used with caution in patients at risk.
Smoking changes the way your body uses aminophylline and may need a dose adjustment. Although not all of these side effects can occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. The elderly may also have a reduced hepatic metabolism, and their doses should generally be lower with careful titration. Theophylline has a narrow therapeutic index.
Theophylline can aggravate symptoms related to hiatal hernia or gastroesophageal reflux vacemecum GERD. Patients who consume ethanol regularly but who do not show manifest aminoffilina dysfunction may actually require higher than normal doses.
Be careful when driving, operating machinery or performing other dangerous activities. The following drugs can lower the levels of aminophylline in your blood, leading to poor asthma control:. If you experience any of the following serious side effects, stop taking amihofilina and seek emergency medical attention:.
Theophylline should also be used with caution in patients with respiratory infection or severe hypoxemia. Any patient with cystic fibrosis or conditions affecting the thyroid should be carefully monitored while receiving theophylline. These could be signs of too much aminophylline in the blood.
Avoid eating aminoffilina amounts of food on the grill or grilled. About The Author Ruby Gill.
Since theophylline can stimulate gastric secretions, it should be used with caution in patients with gastritis or active peptic ulcer disease. Aminophylline is a bronchodilator.
Patients with uncorrected acidemia may have an increase in the volume of theophylline distribution due to a decrease in plasma protein binding. No comments yet Leave Comments Cancel reply. Get emergency help immediately if you have any of the following vaxemecum of overdose while taking aminophylline:. Unbound serum theophylline concentrations should be controlled in these patients to avoid toxicity. Theophylline is contraindicated in patients who have demonstrated a hypersensitivity reaction to theophylline or any component in the commercial product.
Check with your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following side effects while taking aminophylline:.
Do not take more of this medication than prescribed without consulting your doctor.