Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was a German philosopher. He was a brother to theologian Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten’s Metaphysics is an essential.

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The term ‘ aesthetics ‘ is still used today to describe the philosophy of art. A historical sketch 2. It is a very welcome addition to the primary sources available to scholars.

Help us improve this article! KantMeierSulzerWinckelmann. Alexander MetaphgsicaCourtney D. You can unsubscribe from newsletters at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link in any newsletter. Aristotle, ancient Greek philosopher and scientist, one of the greatest intellectual figures of Western….

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten – New World Encyclopedia

Later in the CritiqueKant criticized the Leibnizian system for baumfarten to recognize the autonomy of just those aspects of our mental life. Because of this it is advisable to follow either of two alternatives. It is, rather, our judgment of taste which constitutes the proper test for the correctness of those rules or criteria.

Baumgarten developed aesthetics to mean the study of good and bad ” taste “, thus good and bad art, linking good taste with beauty.

Metaphysica Alexandri Gottlieb Baumgarten …

This page was last edited on 16 Decemberat Georg Friedrich Meier translated the Metaphysics from Latin to German, an endeavour which – according to Meier – Baumgarten himself had planned, but could not find the time to execute. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. While Baumgarten saw himself as only a modest developer of the Wolffian system, and none of his particular views are particularly noteworthy, he nevertheless played an important role in the progression of German philosophy from Leibniz and Wolff to Kant and the later German Idealists.


Nine years later, in his Critique of JudgmentKant conformed to Baumgarten’s new usage and employed the word aesthetic to mean the judgment of taste or the estimation of the beautiful. Including Vaumgarten annotations in his own copy of the Metaphysica along with an illuminating introduction and extensive notes and glossary, this volume will be indispensable for all future students of Kant and German philosophy.

This lucid translation finally makes Baumgarten’s seminal work available in English. Aesthetics and Civil Society: Kants Handwritten Notes to the Metaphysics.

HYMERS – Baumgarten’s Metaphysica: Editions and translation

Together with a historical and philosophical introduction, extensive glossaries and notes, the text is supported by translations of Kant’s elucidations and notes, Eberhard’s insertions in the German edition and texts from the writings of Meier and Wolff.

University of Halle University of Jena no degree.

Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics. Available for the first time in English, this critical translation draws from the original seven Latin editions and Georg Friedrich Meier’s 18th-century German translation. It nevertheless remained a powerful force,…. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgartenborn July 17,BerlinPrussia [Germany]—died May 26,Frankfurt an der OderGerman philosopher and educator who coined the term aesthetics baimgarten established this discipline as a distinct field of philosophical inquiry.


In doing so we would also come closer to the language of the ancients baumgartwn its meaning.

Theories of Art and Society, English translation of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s “Metaphysics” from the Latin “Metaphysica” Baumgarten’s Metaphysics has had an incalculable impact upon modern philosophy, not only through his student G. Credits New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. Notes on this translation Part II: Alexander Baumgarten No preview available – Meier, but bxumgarten profoundly through the work of Immanuel Kant and thus, eventually, G.

Previous Alexander Gordon Laing. Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Kant used it repeatedly in many of his courses and annotated it extensively. FugateJohn Hymers Limited preview –