Craniofrontonasal dysplasia is a very rare X-linked malformation syndrome caused by mutations in the ephrin-B1 gene (EFNB1). Phenotypic expression varies. Disease definition. Craniofrontonasal dysplasia is an X-linked malformation syndrome characterized by facial asymmetry (particularly orbital), body asymmetry. Learn in-depth information on Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia, its causes, symptoms , diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, and.

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Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Continued financial support is essential to maintain the work of Headlines. Paradoxical to other X-linked conditions, with CFND the females craniofrontnoasal more severely affected than males.

Other treatment is symptomatic and supportive.

The treatment is always surgical and is based on each patients specific phenotypic presentation. There are many other rare craniofacial disorders that are characterized by facial abnormalities similar to those of CFND. Cellular interference in craniofrontonasal syndrome: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Genetic counseling or prenatal screening may be advised if there is a reason to suspect the presence of an EFNB1 gene mutation. A novel phenotypic pattern in X-linked inheritance: One limb may be shorter than the other. Hurst and Baraitser confirmed the female preponderance in this condition and noted that all of their patients had thick, wiry hair.

There were 3 severely affected females, 2 of them daughters of apparently healthy parents. Several reports have linked CFND to Poland syndrome which is a condition in which there is an absence of chest wall muscles on one side of the body and abnormally short, webbed fingers on the hand on the same side.


Am J Hum Genet. A bonus to all MIMmatch users is the option to sign up for updates on new gene-phenotype relationships. Very often the condition is not diagnosed in males unless they are a member of a family known to have the condition or the father of a daughter with the condition.

Craniofrontonasal dysplasia

Investigational Therapies Information on current clinical trials is posted on the Internet at www. CC ].

Common physical malformations are: A rudimentary postaxial finger on this hand was surgically removed in infancy, and the nails of several other fingers and toes also showed a dysplwsia longitudinal split. It was first recognised as a distinct condition in by Professor Michael Cohen who worked in Canada.

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Eur J Hum Genet. Frontonasal dysplasia with coronal craniosynostosis in three sibs. X-linked dominant inheritance works differently depending upon whether the mother left image or father right image is the carrier of a gene that cdaniofrontonasal a disease or disorder.

Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome 1B. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Males can however have some of the same symptoms as females, but this is not frequently seen. The phenotypically normal mother had normal chromosomes. Multiple roles of EPH receptors and ephrins in neural development.

Dissecting the molecular mechanisms in craniofrontonasal syndrome: In addition, the mother had axillary pterygia, congenital footplate fixation of the left ear, right sensorineural hearing loss, dgsplasia limited forearm pronation.

Some affected individuals may have additional abnormalities of the head and facial craniofacial area. Contrary to most X-linked disorders, females are much more severely affected whereas males are asymptomatic or present with a mild phenotype, frequently only displaying eysplasia. A team approach for infants and children with this disorder may be of benefit and may include special social support and other medical services.


This is due to the large heterogeneity between patients regarding phenotypic expression. Family Weekend The Headlines Family Weekend is our main event, which we host annually and generally runs from Saturday morning to Sunday lunch time.

Craniofrontonasal dysplasia – Wikipedia

About News Events Contact. As such there is little information and no consensus in the published literature regarding the epidemiological statistics. The content of the website and databases of the National Organization for Rare Disorders NORD is copyrighted and may not be reproduced, copied, downloaded or disseminated, in any way, for any commercial or public purpose, without prior written authorization and approval from NORD.

The origin of EFNB1 mutations in craniofrontonasal syndrome: All affected persons had hypertelorism, bifid or broad nose, and highly arched palate.

As with all X-linked conditions CFND has a preset chance of being passed down from parents to their offspring. One male with 2 affected daughters and no other children was judged to be unaffected or to have at the most ‘microsymptoms. Haemophilia A Haemophilia B X-linked sideroblastic anemia. Mutations of ephrin-B1 EFNB1a marker of tissue boundary formation, cause craniofrontonasal syndrome.

Information on current clinical trials is posted on the Internet at www. Diagnosis A diagnosis of CFND may be suspected after a thorough clinical evaluation and characteristic physical findings.