La entrevista motivacional como herramienta para el fomento de cambios en el estilo de vida de personas con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles sergio. such as motivational interviewing (Gantiva & Flórez, in press; Lizarraga & Ayarra, ; . Entrevista motivacional en consumidores excesivos de alcohol: . Free Online Library: Eficacia de la entrevista motivacional para promover la caracteristicas denominada entrevista motivacional (EM) (Lizarraga & Ayarra.

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The paper concludes with a summary of the three basic sources taken from the psychological literature to inform the design of the DPP-CS: A total solution to the dieter’s dilemma. These are very diverse beliefs, some very general, which can encompass etnrevista aspects of a person’s life, and others more specific and restricted to those aspects related to the CS.

A cognitive aspect of particular relevance in this case is that referred to incertitude or clarity about those two expectations permanently interacting to determine the subsequent motivational course that the coping process will take, whether in the direction of control of the subjective emotion, or control of the objective harm.

Furthermore, other interventions different from crisis intervention can be the most appropriate in cases where the crisis sets the stage for an anxiety disorder e. Implications for effective public health campaigns.

Whereas it is difficult to make a distinction between these two emotions, they are two different emotional reactions Minsky, Wittein her proposal of dual extended motivacionzl process model, argues that response efficacy outcome expectation is the preeminent factor determining that a coping action will assume the course of the control process for objective harm and will not stay only at the level of emotional control action, which is a course of defensive motivation characteristic of the control process of subjective fear.

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American Psychologist60 5 The occurrence of the crisis-triggering event is not merely a stimulus informing about harm by means of a primary appraisal process; it is also a stimulus for coping responses to harm. Psychological Review92 Annual Review of Psychology52 These are crises that have been called circumstantial Slaikeu,examples of which include the receipt of bad news e.

In the conceptualization of crisis on the basis of the dual parallel process model, focused on the control of harm and the control of the emotional state, two aspects are particularly important regarding considerations about stress: Personal interpretation of a situation triggering a crisis can be understood in the frame of the evaluations these authors consider as stressful, such as appraisals of harm or loss, threat, and emtrevista.

As can be noticed in the examples provided, the CS by itself is a context in which a more molecular analysis is required in order to identify the singular properties of distress sensations and feelings, of their triggering stimuli, and of the anticipated consequences of control.


The objective of this paper is to present a cognitive-behavioral model that makes it possible to explain the crisis situation CS in terms of intense motivational motivaional, and to propose a brief motivational intervention proposal in CS. This coping demand is also subject to cognitive processing by the person, by means of representations proper to a secondary appraisal process. An integrated motivacionwl model. It is at this moment that an avoidance response e. Incertitude is the probability a person attributes to the real occurrence of an event.

This theory proposes cognitive reappraisal as a factor of change of the original appraisal, as a function of the adaptation resulting from coping. Effects of fear arousing communications. The development of empirical studies to support the DPP-CS model initially implies the development of measurement instruments applicable to the intermediary cognitive variables included in the mogivacional, as well as the measurement of coping processes.

The highest level of emotional response occurs with the onset of the event and, as long as there is temporal incertitude, the higher the possibility of preparation for coping or -alternatively- of incubation of anxiety will be, depending on the quality of the accomplished appraisal. If the event continues in time, coping is what determines entrevosta evolution towards exhaustion or adaptation. Expectancy-value models in psychology pp.

Response efficacy, what Bandura would call outcome expectation properly, and that consists in the person’s belief about the ability of an action to produce a particular outcome in this case, a favorable one to the solution of the crisis.

Such an evolution occurs in entrevisya to changes in the initial appraisals by way of a process of permanent reappraisal that is originated in the adaptive or maladaptive consequences resulting from coping attempts successively made by the person, which is why the evolution constitutes a variable process of coping stages and not a rigid and invariable sequence of emotion stages, lizaraga is not systematic either in individuals experiencing a CS.

Cognitive-behavioral strategies in crisis intervention.

The developed model has been labeled dual parallel process in crisis situations DPP-CSand three main theoretical and methodological sources were adopted for its design, as previously developed in the study of thematic fields akin to that of crisis:.

Commonsense thinking, artificial intelligence, and the future of the human mind. This layered or by levels formulation demands the identification of the cognitive distortions Level 1the nuclear schemata Level 2and the second-order motivational schemata Level 3that play an essential role in the development of the CS. The label of emotional pain addressed to the subjective experience or feeling suffered in a CS emphasizes the harmful role of stimuli that usually trigger a crisis more than the isolated nature of the experienced emotion, in a process in which the experienced distress becomes an initiating source of defensive reactions configuring the process of pain control and of protective reactions configuring the process of harm control.

These authors characterize such factors in the following terms: Alternatively, pain is susceptible to reasonable management, as occurs in situations in which a person has to deal with chronic physical pain. Field theory in social science: The chronology of events.


Dual Parallel Process in Crisis Situations: Motivational Foundation

The strategy of formulation by levels suggested by Riso in his proposal about the theoretical and methodological foundations of cognitive therapy, which orients therapeutic action by way of a triple configuration organized in the manner of levels, each of which incorporates some cognitive product or process.

For a student, the fact of passing an exam can be the expected consequence that maintains her study behavior; but this conduct is not maintained only by that wanted consequence of passing exams reinforcement expectancy but by other long-term expectations, such as being a competent professional outcome expectation or consummatory consequence of the studying behavior.

In this section, we will analyze a fundamental aspect of a CSunderstood as a state of great psycho-biological alteration, in which emotional experience plays an intermediate role, which follows cognitive appraisal and antecedes coping in a cyclic process directed by successive reappraisals.

The extended parallel process model. This occurs when transforming the objective perception of the pain generated by the damage -which allows for options of personal management with or without therapeutic support- changing it into a subjective perception of intense suffering.

This is the process that determines the cognitive essence and the importance of feedback loops between appraisal and the emotional pain response see Figure 1which provide the person with the elements of required information that will enable her to adopt some coping strategy following a course of control of pain, control of harm, or both, and to develop future expectations of adaptation.

This distinction, of course, acquires importance as long as there is objectivity and certitude in the relation established between reinforcement expectations and outcome expectations, in which case immediate reinforcement is a real incentive leading to the outcome in the medium or long term.

L’ENTREVISTA MOTIVACIONAL by Claudia Garcia Sola on Prezi Next

Conclusions A conceptual model has been developed which allows explaining the events occurring in a normal crisis situation -normal in the sense that it has not adopted the shape of a mental disorder- and which allows orienting the counseling to the person experiencing it mogivacional the aim of fostering her control of what occurs and the search for adaptation. The interaction between personal and situational factors previously described generates some dynamics between incertitude, understood as a global condition of the person, and ambiguity, understood as an objective condition of the situation.

Fear appeals and persuasion: Psychophysiology46 The factor ruling the emotional predominance in one or the other sense e.